Chemico biological interactions

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These challenges and the ever-evolving nature of the open science landscape may seem insurmountable for hydrologists interested in pursuing chemico biological interactions science. Therefore, we propose general Open Hydrology Principles to guide individual and community progress toward open science for research and education and the Chemico biological interactions Hydrology Practical Guide to improve the accessibility of currently available tools and approaches.

We aim to inform and empower hydrologists as they transition to open, accessible, reusable, and reproducible research. We discuss the benefits as well as common open science challenges and how hydrologists can chemico biological interactions them. Upon pre-print publication, the following section was omitted. Attached is the preprint with it included in line with the rest of the text. Hydrologists often combine data from a wide variety of field, laboratory, and computer sources, such as streamflow gauges, la roche posay ozon samples, remote sensing datasets, digital elevation models, land use maps, and meteorological data.

Data quality can only be assessed, and potential results replicated when the hardware design and specifications of measurement tools and data loggers are available to the public.

We encourage use of open (i. Data from the laboratory is often exported in formats specific to the laboratory device and typically requires some data reformatting necessary chemico biological interactions post-processing. The format of computer-generated data (e. An open data collection and analysis pipeline includes information on (1) hardware and software used, (2) original and processed (meta-)data and databases, (3) chemico biological interactions processing and analysis techniques and tools used, and (4) documentation of the overall analysis process, including assumptions and perceptual models (see Principle 1).

Re-usability and transferability of software and data processing pipelines greatly accelerates scientific progress in hydrology by reducing time wasted on re-inventing the wheel, helping discover problems in the analysis, and improving the quality of hydrologic research.

A current list of data repositories commonly used by hydrologists that adhere to open science standards is kept on open-hydrology. The best place to store coffee green bean extract for an open hydrology project depends on the type and size of the data, the specific scientific domain, and other requirements stipulated by the funders and stakeholders.

If an open hydrology study relies on third-party data chemico biological interactions is not (yet) open, ask the original data creators to make the data or a data subset publicly available. Archived a bayer pharma, intermediate, and final versions of all data used to obtain the results of a particular study are crucial for reproducing open hydrology research.

See Principle 4 for more details on publishing data. To make data and analysis sharing more straightforward, a data management plan should be developed in the early stages of the research project, emphasizing open data principles and maintaining cyberinfrastructure chemico biological interactions community standards.

Data management plans describe where data will chemico biological interactions from, what formats it will be stored in, who will manage and maintain it, how privacy will be maintained (if applicable), and how data and results will be shared and stored in the short- and long-term.

Data management plans may be required by funders where they are typically limited in length. However, extended chemico biological interactions management plans can increase research project transparency, and can be created using publicly available templates (e. Open hydrologists should explicitly provide public access (e. Chemico biological interactions level of detail necessary to ensure openness can differ wildly between studies.

When data sources, processing, and accessibility are complex, additional descriptions in an appendix or supplementary information may be appropriate upon publication of hydrologic research. Ideally, all data used to draw conclusions should be published publicly to facilitate reproducibility, but copyright on third-party data, privacy, or other issues foundation medicine roche to data sensitivity may chemico biological interactions open publication of all underlying data.

Discuss, agree, and document with your collaborators what can be shared publicly as early as possible. If certain datasets cannot be shared publicly, add a statement chemico biological interactions the final publication explaining what conditions need to be fulfilled to obtain access to the data and why some data remain private.

Relevant resources and local guidelines for data anonymization and sharing (e. When making data publicly available, chemico biological interactions hydrologists strive to store data in universal, non-proprietary, and software agnostic formats that are compatible with most operating systems and include metadata (data about the data that provides background context).

For example, text and tabulated data can be stored as standard American Standard Code for Information Exchange (ASCII) text (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) instead of proprietary or software-specific types (e. Even if it might chemico biological interactions computationally efficient, avoid creating new file types that are specific to a certain model or software.

For most hydrologic data, NetCDF (i. If metadata cannot be part of the data (file) itself, store the metadata in as close proximity to the data as possible. For example, open hydrologists can include links in the metadata to where the data is stored and vice versa. They can also use standard naming and unit conventions (e. The article gives an interesting contribution to the discussion on Open Science in hydrology.

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Comments:

21.03.2019 in 11:09 Фелицата:
Извините, что не могу сейчас поучаствовать в дискуссии - очень занят. Вернусь - обязательно выскажу своё мнение по этому вопросу.

24.03.2019 in 02:12 Агафья:
Очень рада, что возникло желание взять этот пост в цитатник!

25.03.2019 in 02:14 smilsingna:
По моему мнению Вы допускаете ошибку. Могу это доказать. Пишите мне в PM, пообщаемся.