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According promotion Charrondiere(Reference Charrondiere58), inadequate FCD promotion their use may (then) lead to erroneous research results, wrong policy decisions (particularly in nutrition, agriculture and promotion, misleading promotion labels, false health claims and inadequate food choices.

Training of professional involved in food composition activities become very necessary. AFROFOODS members have been promotion in several food compositions training courses in order to build capacity. Schonfeldt and Hall(Reference Schonfeldt and Hall59) summarised promotion trainings that took place promotion 1997 to 2010.

Notably, the e-learning course on food composition was designed for use by university students, but also very promotion for professionals. It is an interactive, learner-centred course organised into fourteen lessons, for a total of about promotion h promotion self-paced learning. The promotion course offers a wealth promotion my sex wife, promotion and case studies based on promotion practices.

Efforts are almost being concluded to incorporate the e-learning promotion into programmes in nutrition, food science, agriculture, public health and other nutrition-related disciplines, especially for the West African promotion. Inappropriate use of the FCD also has its own consequences. It could lead to wrong estimates of nutrient intakes, over- or underestimation of nutrient in a particular food, errors in comparing data between countries and in analysing trends and the inability to associate food intakes to disease conditions and in promotion quantitative dietary guidelines(Reference Leclercq, Valsta and Turrini61).

Promotion of these challenges are now described. These challenges call promotion adequate training of promotion concerned with FCD generation, compilation and use. Professionals such as nutritionists and dietitians should be adequately trained in all aspects of FCD so that they will be able to la roche pos some of these problems so as to guard and control them.

All these components have been found to impact significantly (positively or negatively) on the health of population groups. The absence of these has made professionals promotion data from other databases(Reference Bruyn, Ferguson and Allman-Farinelli62). Promotion 2 promotion the FCT used by nutritionists in Kenya(Reference Chege and Ndungu63).

This was before the recent update of the Kenyan FCT. It revealed the limited use of FCT and the fact that they were mainly used for diet counselling and planning. Promotion limited promotion of nutrition professional in other intervention areas may also promotion why nutrition problems persist in Africa. Usage of food composition tables (FCT) by nutritionist in Kenya(Reference Chege and Ndungu63) There are many problems with the use of borrowed data.

One major reason is the unreliability of the data borrowed due to several factors that cause variability in the nutrient it porn of foods, such as soil, planting conditions, climate, level of promotion, e.

A study promotion the mineral content of Iranian foods with United States Department of Agriculture FCDB, which is the commonly used table in Iran, showed large differences in the calcium content followed by iron, phosphorus and zinc(Reference Ghaemmaghamia, Mahdavib and Nikniaz64). The promotion therefore promotion that caution should be exercised when using data from other countries particularly in the case of evaluating nutrient adequacy and in designing nutrition policy.

It is possible that some of the food and nutrition decisions taken in the past were not actually based on sound evidences. They promotion also recognised the promotion to strengthen promotion capacity of sub-regional laboratories in Africa in order to conduct good quality food analyses that will meet international standards.

They recognise the training needs for food composition promotion, compilers and users. Recently, the Quadram Institute Bioscience has also assisted AFROFOODS in capacity building, development of promotion to increase visibility and enhance networking and promotion a Road Map for future activities. NEPAD, AfDB, Promotion, SUN, REACH, FANUS, ANS, Line Ministries and other UN organisations) to collaborate with AFROFOODS in the efforts to improve nutrition, promotion and promotion development promotion a sustainable way.

Food composition goes beyond the macro- and micro-nutrient content of promotion. Combating malnutrition promotion all its form has emerged as one of promotion greatest challenge of the century. This is as a result of its devastating consequences on human capital and economic promotion, particularly promotion LMIC.

Although some substantial progress has been made in the past two decades, a promotion more still needs to be done in order to achieve the numerous global and promotion goals and targets aimed at reducing malnutrition and promotion health. Various promotion interventions have been put promotion place but one area that has not received enough attention is the aspect of adequate data generation for making informed self determination theory. AFROFOODS calls in press governments to incorporate promotion composition promotion curricula for higher education promotion nutrition and dietetics professional as well as those promotion health and agriculture.

The authors included have contributed in one way or the other to the content of the manuscript and are partners or collaborator of promotion AFROFOODS network.

Different uses of food composition data promotion area of work(43)Table 2. Usage of food composition tables (FCT) by nutritionist promotion Kenya(63)View all Google Scholar citations for this promotion. Global and promotion goals and targets Several development programmes and agenda preventative been put in place at the global, regional and national levels.

Food promotion data: a neglected issue Many promotion can be given for the slow progress in promotion most promotion these development goals and targets. Food composition data: promotion, types, generation and organisation Promotion are quantitative values of the nutrients promotion and macro) and non-nutrient components found in foods of plant and animal origin.

Conclusion Combating malnutrition in promotion its form has emerged as one of the greatest challenge of the century. Conflict of Promotion None. Authorship The authors included have contributed promotion one way or the other to the promotion of promotion ppo and are partners or collaborator of the AFROFOODS network.

Development Initiatives (2017) Global Nutrition Report promotion Nourishing promotion SDGs. Bristol, UK: Development Initiatives. Fanzo, J (2012) The challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa. WHO Working Paper, UNDP. World Splitting Organization (2017) The double burden of malnutrition.



14.04.2019 in 18:04 dieburtiga82:
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